Jobs and Employment

How Do Occupational Licensing Rules Affect the Health Care Sector?

By , and ·October 9, 2018
Emory University and The Hamilton Project, Brookings Institution

The Issue:

Health care professionals work within the boundaries of state licensing rules which vary from one state to another, often restrict what nurses and other non-physician health care workers can do, and determine to what extent they must be supervised by physicians. These rules have to strike a balance between ...
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The Chilling Effect of Non-Compete Agreements

By Matt Marx and Ryan Nunn·May 20, 2018
Boston University and The Hamilton Project, Brookings Institution

The Issue:

American workers are often asked to sign away their right to work through non-compete clauses in employment contracts. Non-competes restrict a person's ability to work for or to start rival firms, leaving workers with diminished bargaining power and fewer options for pursuing career opportunities. It ...
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Will Steel Tariffs put U.S. Jobs at Risk?

By Lydia Cox and Kadee Russ·February 26, 2018
Harvard University and University of California, Davis

(Click here for a larger interactive version with state-specific estimates. Map updated March 3, 2018)

The Issue:

The U.S. Department of Commerce announced recommendations on February 16, 2018 to impose heavy tariffs or quotas on foreign producers of steel. The proposed tariffs are taxes on imported steel. The ...
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Automation and the Growing Importance of Social Skills in the Labor Market

By ·January 16, 2018
Harvard Kennedy School and Harvard Graduate School of Education

The Issue:

Automation has displaced workers in many occupations, from manufacturing to routine office jobs. New research finds that employment growth in high-paying jobs has slowed since the year 2000, and that this has been particularly true for jobs in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). ...
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Employment and Poverty

By Ann Huff Stevens·January 7, 2018
UC Davis and Center for Poverty Research

The Issue:

For the past two decades, U.S. anti-poverty policy has coalesced around the idea that work should be at the center of anti-poverty programs. Bi-partisan welfare reform in the 1990s focused on work requirements and time limits. The growth and popularity of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), which increases ...
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Would Cutting Corporate Taxes Raise Workers’ Incomes?

By ·October 26, 2017
Reed College

The Issue:

Although many details of tax reform are still to be fleshed out, lowering the corporate income tax rate from 35 percent to 20 percent is a central component of the proposals by Congressional Republicans and the Trump Administration. A recent report by the Trump administration's Council of Economic Advisers ...
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Why do Women Continue to Make Less than Men?

By Francine D. Blau and Lawrence M. Kahn·September 22, 2017
Cornell University

The Issue:

In 2016 women who worked year-round and full-time earned, on average, around 81 cents for every dollar earned by men. Though still substantial, the difference in women’s average earnings relative to men’s has narrowed considerably since the 1970s. But the largest improvement in women's wages relative ...
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The Economic Cost of Repealing DACA

By ·September 11, 2017
University of California, Davis

The Issue:

On September 5th, 2017, Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the plan to rescind the program known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), which grants protection from deportation to undocumented immigrants who came to the United States as children. The repeal was described by the attorney ...
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The Geography of Need and the Proposed Foxconn Deal in Wisconsin

By ·August 28, 2017
Clark University

The Issue:

The decline of manufacturing employment has reduced the availability of higher paying jobs for less educated workers. One approach states and localities have used to address the issue is by trying to attract and retain firms with packages of subsidies and tax incentives, such as the proposed high-profile ...
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