Jobs and Employment

Is the Skills Gap Real? Changes in Employer Skill Requirements During the Great Recession

By ·March 8, 2019
School of Public Policy and Urban Affairs, Northeastern University

The Issue:

Since the Great Recession, employers have cited a skills gap in which workers lack the education and experience needed to fill vacant jobs. In response, federal and state policymakers have called for increased efforts for training and retraining of workers to alleviate this mismatch in the labor market.

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Concentrated Poverty and the Disconnect Between Jobs and Workers

By ·January 22, 2019
University of California, Irvine

The Issue:

High levels of joblessness have been characteristic of extremely high-poverty neighborhoods in primarily urban settings. Many challenges stand in the way of generating jobs in these areas. These include low skills among potential workers, inadequate and decaying infrastructure, racial discrimination in ...
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Who Benefits from a Higher Minimum Wage?

By ·November 27, 2018
Texas A&M University

The Issue:

Raising the minimum wage is broadly viewed as a policy that combats poverty. Most of the focus of the debate over the minimum wage has been on whether raising it leads to job losses, but an overlooked key point is which workers see their wages rise with an increase in the minimum wage.
The workers who
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How Can We Know if There is Discrimination in Hiring?

By ·October 27, 2018
University of California, Irvine

The Issue:

Groups of workers that differ by personal characteristics such as gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, past criminal record, physical appearance or disability often exhibit measurable differences in wages and employment. However, it is difficult to identify and measure the extent to which differences ...
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How Do Occupational Licensing Rules Affect the Health Care Sector?

By , and ·October 9, 2018
Emory University and The Hamilton Project, Brookings Institution

The Issue:

Health care professionals work within the boundaries of state licensing rules which vary from one state to another, often restrict what nurses and other non-physician health care workers can do, and determine to what extent they must be supervised by physicians. These rules have to strike a balance between ...
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The Chilling Effect of Non-Compete Agreements

By and ·May 20, 2018
Boston University and The Hamilton Project, Brookings Institution

The Issue:

American workers are often asked to sign away their right to work through non-compete clauses in employment contracts. Non-competes restrict a person's ability to work for or to start rival firms, leaving workers with diminished bargaining power and fewer options for pursuing career opportunities. It ...
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Will Steel Tariffs put U.S. Jobs at Risk?

By and ·February 26, 2018
Harvard University and University of California, Davis

(Click here for a larger interactive version with state-specific estimates. Map updated March 3, 2018)

The Issue:

The U.S. Department of Commerce announced recommendations on February 16, 2018 to impose heavy tariffs or quotas on foreign producers of steel. The proposed tariffs are taxes on imported steel. The ...
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Automation and the Growing Importance of Social Skills in the Labor Market

By ·January 16, 2018
Harvard Kennedy School and Harvard Graduate School of Education

The Issue:

Automation has displaced workers in many occupations, from manufacturing to routine office jobs. New research finds that employment growth in high-paying jobs has slowed since the year 2000, and that this has been particularly true for jobs in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). ...
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Employment and Poverty

By ·January 7, 2018
UC Davis and Center for Poverty Research

The Issue:

For the past two decades, U.S. anti-poverty policy has coalesced around the idea that work should be at the center of anti-poverty programs. Bi-partisan welfare reform in the 1990s focused on work requirements and time limits. The growth and popularity of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), which increases ...
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