Labor Markets

Understanding Trends in U.S. Labor Force Participation (VIDEO)

By and ·December 3, 2018
Harvard University and George Washington University and The Hamilton Project, Brookings Institution
Excerpt from webinar with Karen Dynan (Harvard University), Jay Shambaugh (George Washington University, and The Hamilton Project at The Brookings Institution), and Eduardo Porter (New York Times), October 23, 2018. A collaboration between EconoFact and The Hamilton Project, Brookings.

The Issue:

The share of ...
Read more

Who Benefits from a Higher Minimum Wage?

By ·November 27, 2018
Texas A&M University

The Issue:

Raising the minimum wage is broadly viewed as a policy that combats poverty. Most of the focus of the debate over the minimum wage has been on whether raising it leads to job losses, but an overlooked key point is which workers see their wages rise with an increase in the minimum wage.
The workers who
...
Read more

How Can We Know if There is Discrimination in Hiring?

By ·October 27, 2018
University of California, Irvine

The Issue:

Groups of workers that differ by personal characteristics such as gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, past criminal record, physical appearance or disability often exhibit measurable differences in wages and employment. However, it is difficult to identify and measure the extent to which differences ...
Read more

The Chilling Effect of Non-Compete Agreements

By and ·May 20, 2018
Boston University and The Hamilton Project, Brookings Institution

The Issue:

American workers are often asked to sign away their right to work through non-compete clauses in employment contracts. Non-competes restrict a person's ability to work for or to start rival firms, leaving workers with diminished bargaining power and fewer options for pursuing career opportunities. It ...
Read more

Race and Ethnicity Within Widening Income Inequality in the United States

By ·May 10, 2018
University of California, Los Angeles

(A ratio of 1 means representation in the top 10 percent is commensurate with a group's representation in the overall labor force. A ratio greater than 1 represents an overrepresentation of that group in the top decile and a ratio of less than 1 represents an underrepresentation).

The Issue:

There are significant ...
Read more

What Happened To Women’s Rising Participation in the Workforce?

By , and ·December 6, 2017
University of Texas at Austin, The Brookings Institution and Northwestern University

The Issue:

For decades, the share of women who are employed was steadily rising in the United States, contributing to economic growth and serving as a countervailing force to a slow decline in the share employed among men. In recent years however, the upward trend among women has reversed: Labor force participation ...
Read more

What Does the Seattle Experience Teach Us About Minimum Wages?

By and ·August 7, 2017
University of California, Berkeley and Northwestern University

The Issue:

The federal minimum wage is $7.25, well below historical levels in real terms. Many large cities, including Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, and Miami Beach, and seven states have implemented higher minimum wages. Both California and New York State, along with several cities, are scheduled to raise ...
Read more